Nigerian Egusi Soup Recipes

by Hobeth HD, on May 13th 2024

Egusi soup
Source: Micoope

Nigerian egusi soup is a flavorful and comforting dish that originates from West Africa. This rich and aromatic soup is a staple in Nigerian cuisine and highlights the diverse flavors and culinary heritage of the region. If you want to try something new and discover the authentic tastes of West Africa, Nigerian egusi soup should be at the top of your list.

The Cultural Significance of Nigerian Egusi Soup

Nigeria’s food culture is deeply influenced by its cultural diversity, with more than 250 ethnic groups each contributing their own unique flavors and cooking techniques to the country’s cuisine. Egusi soup perfectly represents this diverse culinary tapestry.

The term “egusi” refers to the melon seeds that are the star ingredient of this dish. These seeds are ground into a powder and used as a base for the soup, giving it a creamy texture and nutty taste.

But egusi soup is more than just its main ingredient. It combines a variety of other flavors and ingredients that make it truly special. From the vibrant red bell peppers and spicy habanero peppers to the earthy aroma of palm oil and the savory notes of crayfish, every component in this dish plays an important role in creating its unique flavor profile.

Why You Should Try Nigerian Egusi Soup

So why should you give Nigerian egusi soup a try? Here are a few reasons:

  1. Incredible Taste: With its rich and complex flavors, egusi soup is a delight for your taste buds. The combination of spices, vegetables, and proteins creates a harmonious blend that is both satisfying and delicious.
  2. Cultural Exploration: By venturing into different regional recipes and cooking methods, you’ll develop a deeper understanding of the diverse food traditions within Nigeria. It’s an opportunity to learn about the history, customs, and values associated with each dish.
  3. Expand Your Culinary Repertoire: Trying new recipes from different cuisines is a great way to broaden your cooking skills and knowledge. Nigerian egusi soup introduces you to unique ingredients and techniques that you may not have encountered before.
  4. Comfort Food: There’s something comforting about a warm bowl of soup, especially one that is packed with flavors and nutrients. Egusi soup provides both nourishment and comfort, making it an ideal choice for any meal.

In this article, we’ll explore everything you need to know about Nigerian egusi soup:

  1. Key ingredients
  2. Step-by-step cooking instructions
  3. Variations and serving suggestions
  4. Tips for storing leftovers
  5. Introduction to other popular Nigerian soups

So let’s get started on this culinary journey and bring the flavors of West Africa straight to your kitchen!

Key Ingredients of Nigerian Egusi Soup

Nigerian Egusi soup, an iconic West African dish, owes its wide range of flavors and textures to a carefully selected set of key ingredients. Let’s delve into each component and understand its role in the creation of this delectable soup:

1. Egusi Melon

The ground seeds from the egusi melon form the foundation of this soup, lending it a delightful nutty flavor and a creamy texture that sets it apart.

2. Palm Oil

With its vibrant red hue, palm oil not only imparts a rich color but also infuses the soup with a distinct earthy flavor that is characteristic of many West African cuisines.

3. Beef

Beef serves as a vital protein source in this dish, bringing its hearty and savory essence to the forefront and adding depth to the overall taste profile.

4. Dried Fish

To further enhance the umami quotient of the soup, dried fish is incorporated. It introduces a unique richness and imparts a subtle seafood essence that complements other protein sources.

5. Crayfish

Crayfish, with its briny notes, contributes significantly to the overall depth of flavor in this culinary masterpiece. It enhances the umami quality of the dish, taking it to another level.

6. Locust Beans

Also known as iru, these fermented seeds play a crucial role in elevating the complexity of flavors within the soup. They bring a pungent aroma and savory taste that adds an interesting dimension.

7. Spinach

To balance out the richness of other ingredients, leafy greens like spinach are utilized. Apart from lending vibrancy to the dish with their fresh green color, they provide a slightly bitter contrast that harmonizes the overall flavor profile.

Cooking ingredients and method


  • 1.3 pounds beef
  • 2 pounds smoked turkey
  • 2 pounds fresh turkey
  • 14 ounces tripe (shaki) honeycomb
  • 1.5 cups ground melon seeds (egusi)
  • 1 cup smoked catfish fillets
  • 1/3 cup smoked prawns
  • 2 tablespoons ground crayfish
  • 2 tablespoons locust beans (iru)
  • 1 tablespoon dried scent leaf (efirin)
  • 1 tablespoon bitter leaf
  • 8 cups fresh spinach, chopped
  • 4 red bell peppers
  • 4 scotch bonnet peppers (adjust to taste)
  • 5 onions (3 for cooking the meats, 2 for the soup)
  • 3 garlic cloves
  • Palm oil
  • Sunflower oil


  • Salt
  • Black pepper
  • Knorr stock cubes
  • Cayenne pepper
  • All-purpose seasoning
  • Curry powder
  • Thyme


Preparing the Meats


  1. Wash and Clean: Thoroughly rinse the beef under cold running water to remove any impurities. Pat dry with paper towels.
  2. Season: Place the beef in a pot. Add 1 teaspoon each of salt, Knorr stock cube, dried pepper, curry powder, thyme, and black pepper. Add 1 minced garlic clove and 1 chopped onion. Stir to coat the beef evenly with the spices.
  3. Sear: Heat the pot on high heat, allowing the beef to sear for about 3 minutes without water. This helps to lock in the flavors.
  4. Add Water: Pour in enough water to cover the beef. Cover the pot and boil on medium heat for 25-30 minutes.
  5. Drain Stock: Once cooked, remove the beef and drain the stock into a separate container. The stock will be used later for the soup.
  6. Fry or Grill: Heat sunflower oil in a frying pan. Fry the beef until browned on all sides, about 5 minutes. Alternatively, you can grill the beef in the oven. Place the fried beef on paper towels to drain excess oil.

Tripe (Shaki):

  1. Wash and Clean: Rinse the tripe thoroughly under cold running water.
  2. Season and Boil: Place the tripe in a pot. Add 1 teaspoon of salt, 2 teaspoons of curry powder, and 2 minced garlic cloves. Cover with water and boil for 30-40 minutes. This helps to tenderize the tripe and remove any unpleasant odors.
  3. Check Doneness: The tripe is ready when it curls at the edges. Taste a small piece to ensure it is tender. Drain and set aside.

Smoked Turkey:

  1. Wash and Boil: Rinse the smoked turkey and place in a pot. Add 1 halved onion. Cover with water and boil for 10-15 minutes.
  2. Discard Stock: The stock from smoked turkey can be murky and is usually discarded. Rinse the turkey pieces after boiling.
  3. Roast: Preheat the oven to 410°F (210°C). Place the smoked turkey on a baking tray and roast for 35 minutes until nicely browned. Alternatively, you can fry it.

Fresh Turkey:

  1. Wash and Season: Rinse the fresh turkey and place in a pot. Add 1 teaspoon each of salt, black pepper, Knorr stock cube, thyme, dried pepper, and 1 chopped onion. Stir to coat the turkey with the spices.
  2. Sear: Heat the pot on high heat and sear the turkey for about 3 minutes without water.
  3. Add Water: Pour in enough water to cover the turkey. Cover the pot and boil on medium heat for 20 minutes.
  4. Drain and Fry: Once cooked, remove the turkey pieces and discard the stock. Fry the turkey in the same oil used for the beef until browned, about 5 minutes. Drain on paper towels.

Preparing the Egusi

  1. Soak Ingredients: Place the smoked catfish fillets, smoked prawns, dried bitter leaves, and scent leaves in separate bowls. Cover with hot water and let soak for about 15 minutes to soften.
  2. Blend Onions: Chop 1 onion and blend it until smooth. This will be mixed with the ground egusi.
  3. Mix Egusi Paste: In a bowl, combine 1.5 cups of ground egusi with the blended onion. Add 2 tablespoons of ground crayfish for additional flavor. Gradually add water (about ½ cup) to form a thick paste, similar to pancake batter consistency.
  4. Fry Egusi Paste: Heat palm oil in a pot. Once hot (but not smoking), add the egusi paste. Spread it out slightly and fry, stirring regularly, until it thickens and looks like curdled cheese or scrambled eggs. Set aside.

Making the Pepper Mixture

  1. Blend Peppers: Coarsely blend 4 red bell peppers, 2 onions, and 4 scotch bonnet peppers with a little water. The mixture should be chunky, not smooth.
  2. Cook Pepper Mixture: Heat a combination of palm oil and sunflower oil in a large pot. Add the blended pepper mixture. Immediately stir in 2 tablespoons of locust beans (iru) and 2 tablespoons of ground crayfish.
  3. Add Soaked Ingredients: Drain the soaked smoked catfish fillets and smoked prawns. Add them to the pot. Cook on high heat for about 10 minutes, partially covering the pot. This allows the flavors to develop and the sauce to reduce slightly.

Combining Everything

  1. Add Meats: Gradually add the cooked beef, fresh turkey, shaki, and smoked turkey to the pepper mixture. Stir well to combine.
  2. Add Beef Stock: Pour in the reserved beef stock. Stir to ensure everything is well mixed.
  3. Cook: Cover the pot slightly and cook on medium heat for 10 minutes.
  4. Season to Taste: Taste the sauce and adjust seasoning if necessary. Add more salt, Knorr stock cube, or other spices to your preference.

Final Steps

  1. Add Fried Egusi: Stir in the fried egusi mixture. Add 1 tablespoon each of dried scent leaves and bitter leaves. This enhances the flavor of the soup.
  2. Simmer: Cover and cook on medium heat for another 10 minutes, allowing all the flavors to meld together.
  3. Prepare Spinach: While the egusi is cooking, wash the spinach thoroughly to remove any dirt and sand. Chop the spinach into bite-sized pieces.
  4. Add Spinach: Add the chopped spinach to the pot, a handful at a time, to avoid overcrowding. Stir well and let it simmer for 2-3 minutes until the spinach wilts. Turn off the heat.

Exploring Variations and Serving Ideas

When it comes to Nigerian egusi soup, there are various variations and serving ideas that can add a unique twist to this delicious dish. Whether you’re looking for a vegetarian option or alternative ways to enjoy the soup, here are some ideas to inspire your culinary creativity:

Vegetarian Twist: Making a Delicious Meat-Free Egusi Soup Variant

If you prefer a vegetarian version of egusi soup, you can easily omit the meat and create a flavorful and satisfying dish. Here’s how you can make a meat-free egusi soup:

  1. Replace the beef or fish stock with vegetable broth or water infused with umami-rich ingredients like dried mushrooms or seaweed.
  2. Instead of meat, add protein-rich ingredients such as tofu, tempeh, or plant-based meat substitutes like seitan or textured vegetable protein (TVP).
  3. Enhance the flavors with aromatic vegetables like onions, garlic, ginger, and spices like cumin, coriander, and smoked paprika.
  4. Consider adding extra vegetables to the soup, such as diced bell peppers, carrots, green beans, or okra.

Best Ways to Serve Nigerian Egusi Soup

Nigerian Egusi Soup served with Pounded yam or fufu
Source: Gettyimages

Nigerian egusi soup is traditionally enjoyed with a variety of swallows – soft cooked doughs that complement the flavors and textures of the soup. However, it can also be paired with rice dishes for a satisfying meal. Here are some popular ways to serve Nigerian egusi soup:

  1. Swallows: Serve your egusi soup with fufu (made from cassava), pounded yam (yam flour dough), amala (made from yam or cassava flour), or semolina (coarse wheat flour). These swallows provide a soft and slightly elastic texture that can be dipped into the soup for a delightful eating experience.
  2. Rice Dishes: For a different twist, you can serve egusi soup with cooked white rice or local Nigerian rice dishes such as jollof rice or coconut rice. The creamy and flavorful soup pairs well with the fluffy rice, creating a satisfying combination.
  3. Yam/Plantain: Boiled or roasted yam and plantain are also excellent accompaniments to egusi soup. The starchy yam or the sweet and caramelized plantain complement the rich flavors of the soup and provide a satisfying contrast in texture.

Remember, these serving ideas are just suggestions – feel free to get creative and explore different combinations that suit your taste preferences. Nigerian egusi soup is versatile and can be enjoyed with various side dishes, allowing you to customize your meal according to your cravings.

With these variations and serving ideas, you can elevate your Nigerian egusi soup experience and create a truly memorable dining experience that showcases the rich flavors of West African cuisine. If you’re interested in exploring more Nigerian soups, you might find [Nigerian afang soup

Storing, Reheating, and Freezing Tips

Proper Storage Techniques for Long-Lasting Freshness

When it comes to storing Nigerian egusi soup, proper techniques can help maintain its freshness and flavors. Here are some tips to ensure your soup stays delicious:

1. Freezer Storage

If you have leftovers or want to make a big batch of egusi soup in advance, freezing is a great option. Follow these steps for freezer storage:

  • Allow the soup to cool completely before transferring it to an airtight container.
  • Make sure to leave some headspace in the container as the soup will expand when frozen.
  • Label the container with the date and contents for easy identification.
  • Place the container in the freezer and store for up to 3 months.

2. Airtight Container

Using an airtight container is essential for preserving the flavors and preventing freezer burn. It helps to maintain the quality of the soup by keeping out moisture and air. For more information about proper food storage, check out this resource.

3. Refrigeration

If you plan on consuming the egusi soup within a few days, refrigeration is a suitable option. Follow these guidelines for refrigeration:

  • Allow the soup to cool completely before transferring it to a clean, airtight container.
  • Store the container in the refrigerator at temperatures below 40°F (4°C).
  • Consume the soup within 4 days for optimal freshness.

It’s important to note that following safe food handling practices is crucial when it comes to storing and reheating any kind of food, including egusi soup. By following these storage techniques, you can enjoy your Nigerian egusi soup whenever you desire without compromising its taste and quality. Whether you choose to freeze or refrigerate, proper storage ensures that your soup remains flavorful and ready to be reheated whenever you’re in the mood for a taste of West Africa.

Other Popular Nigerian Soups to Try

Nigerian cuisine offers a rich tapestry of flavors and textures, and exploring other popular Nigerian soups is a delightful way to experience the diversity of West African culinary traditions. Here are some flavorful soups to consider trying:

1. Ogbono Soup

This hearty soup is thickened with ground ogbono seeds and typically includes vegetables, meat, and fish. It’s known for its unique thickness and is often eaten with fufu or pounded yam.

2. Pepper Soup

A spicy and fragrant broth-based soup that can feature various types of meat, fish, or seafood. It’s seasoned with an aromatic blend of spices such as utazi, uziza, and scent leaves.

3. Edikang Ikong

Hailing from the Efik tribe in Nigeria, this soup is a vibrant combination of fluted pumpkin leaves, water leaves, assorted meats, and fish. Its rich flavors make it a beloved dish in Nigerian cuisine.


Bringing the vibrant and rich culinary heritage of Nigeria into your kitchen is a truly rewarding experience. Nigerian egusi soup is a delicious and nutritious dish that allows you to explore the diverse and flavorful world of West African cuisine. With its creamy and nutty flavor, this soup is sure to tantalize your taste buds and transport you to the heart of Nigeria.

By following our step-by-step guide, you can easily recreate this traditional dish in your own home. The key ingredients, such as egusi melon, palm oil, beef, dried fish, crayfish, locust beans, spinach, and pepper mix, come together to create a harmonious blend of flavors and textures.

But don’t stop there! Nigerian cuisine has so much more to offer. Why not continue your culinary journey by trying other popular Nigerian soups? From the spicy heat of Ofe Akwu (palm nut soup) to the hearty goodness of Efo Riro (vegetable soup), there are countless options to explore and savor.

So go ahead, gather your ingredients, put on some West African music, and let the aroma of Nigerian egusi soup fill your kitchen. Immerse yourself in the culture and flavors of Nigeria as you indulge in this authentic dish. Whether enjoyed with swallows like pounded yam or served alongside rice, Nigerian egusi soup is a true taste of West Africa that will leave you craving for more.

Get ready to embark on a culinary adventure and discover the wonders of Nigerian cuisine. Start cooking Nigerian egusi soup today and experience the vibrant flavors that have been cherished for generations.

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

What are the key ingredients of Nigerian Egusi Soup?

The key ingredients of Nigerian Egusi Soup include egusi melon, palm oil, beef, dried fish, crayfish, locust beans, and spinach. These ingredients contribute to the rich and complex flavors and textures of the soup.

What is the cooking process for Nigerian Egusi Soup?

The cooking process for Nigerian Egusi Soup involves several steps. These include blending peppers and onions to create a flavor base, preparing the egusi mixture, infusing the palm oil with flavor, creating a rich meat/fish stock, and cooking the egusi to perfection.

Are there variations or serving ideas for Nigerian Egusi Soup?

Yes, there are variations and serving ideas for Nigerian Egusi Soup. These include a vegetarian option and different ways to serve the soup such as with swallows or rice dishes.

How should Nigerian Egusi Soup be stored, reheated, and frozen?

Nigerian Egusi Soup can be stored in an airtight container in the refrigerator for short-term freshness or in the freezer for longer storage. When reheating, it’s best to thaw frozen soup in the refrigerator overnight and then reheat gently on the stovetop.

What are some other popular Nigerian soups to try?

In addition to Nigerian Egusi Soup, there are many other flavorful soups to explore in Nigerian cuisine. Some popular options include Ogbono Soup, Pepper Soup, and Bitter Leaf Soup.

Why should I try cooking Nigerian Egusi Soup?

You should try cooking Nigerian Egusi Soup to experience the rich culinary heritage of Nigeria and its influence on West African cuisine. The dish offers authentic flavors and textures that are sure to delight your taste buds.

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